Investigate woman's ageing concerns
Whilst the average life expectancy of a woman in the UK is now 83.2 years old, recent data suggests women whilst living longer will be sicker in later life, and a woman can expect to live in declining and ill health after aged 63 i.e. 25% of her life.
Femme Reset is created to give a comprehensive insight into the intricate interplay of the body systems and their implications on your clients’ optimal health. Revealing patterns of dysfunction which may indicate and influence your client’s health progression / trajectory as they age.
Our chosen biomarkers consider sugar and lipid management implicit in the production of AGE products (advanced glycosylation end products), Detoxification & autophagy, Chronic inflammation, immune function, oxidative stress, thyroid and sex hormones along with key nutrient status and energy production.
Reveal more about your client’s health picture. FDX Femme Reset considers 13 body systems, 7 accessory systems, 7 macro systems, 14+ nutrient assessments and over 40 clinical dysfunction trends crucial to identify ageing and degeneration concerns.
Recommended for those over 45 years old, but this test can be run at any age, especially if accelerated ageing is suspected.
Also known as holotranscobalamin also see Vitamin B12. Active B12 accounts for approximately 10 to 20% of total B12 levels. Considered to be a more sensitive marker than serum B12 as it degrades faster than serum B12 with a short life span making it a more sensitive indicator or B12 deficiency.See full description
Apo A is a constituent of HDL and assists in the binding of cholesterol and fats transport from blood vessels and cells preventing plaque formation. It has a role in cognitive function, in the immune system as an agent against pathogens and detoxifies bacterial toxins. Used as a predictor for CVD and inflammation.See full description
Apolipoprotein B is the backbone of LDL, and is part of the delivery system to deliver cholesterol from the liver. A main contributor to atherosclerosis and heart disease. Linked to immune function and is a measure of CVD risk. Levels are linked with obesity, hypothyroidism, insulin resistance and diabetes. Risk factors also include Alzheimer’s, cognitive function, heart disease and possibly cancer.See full description
Copper transport protein binds 95% of circulating copper. Interacts with 120 other proteins. Is an acute phase protein and responds to inflammation and inflammatory diseases. Used to assess copper sufficiency, inflammation needs for copper, zinc, anaemia, toxicity, and immune function. Is also used as an Alzheimer’s risk marker, Parkinson’s, Iron status, obesity, and liver damage.See full description
Used as a marker to identify skin health, mental health, toxicity esp. estrogen and clearance of, heart disease risk, diabetes bone loss and immune function. Used to assess copper sufficiency, inflammation and presence of inflammatory diseases, Levels used to assess needs for copper, zinc, anaemia, immune function, inflammatory conditions, PMS, pathogen infection, adrenal insufficiency.See full description
The hormone Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is an important precursor to hormones such as the sex hormones progesterone, testosterone and the oestrogens. It is produced predominantly in the adrenal glands and is involved in the Fight or Flight stress response to resume a calm state after perceived danger/stress has passed. As the most abundant circulating steroid in the body, it has an inﬂuence on over 150 known repair functions in both the body and brain. Increased or decreased levels may lead to many common conditions in the endocrine, immune, cardiovascular, hormonal, and nervous systems.See full description
Synthesised from cholesterol, this steroid hormone is produced in the ovaries of premenopausal women, where it acts as a powerful reproductive hormone and is highest during ovulation and lowest during menstruation. As the main hormone of the three naturally produced oestrogens, it is also produced in the testes of men, but in smaller amounts. In both sexes, oestradiol is made in significantly reduced amounts by the brain, fat tissue, and in the walls of the blood vessels.See full description
A measure of the amount of iron stored in the body. The most sensitive test to assess iron deficiency. Levels may indicate haemochromatosis, excess iron intake, inflammation, oxidative stress, liver dysfunction, excessive blood loss or iron deficiency anaemia.See full description
A soluble liver produced protein that is broken down to produce fibrin which is necessary for clot formation. Levels may indicate hypercoagulation, inflammation, trauma, infections, cancer, cardiovascular disease or increased risk of stroke and liver function.See full description
The portion of triiodothyronine (T3) that is not bound and represents approximately 10% of circulating T3 in the blood. T3 is converted from T4 and the majority occurs in the liver and kidneys. The conversion process is dependent on Selenium and bile levels. Levels can be used to assess Hypo and hyper thyroid status, T4 to T4 conversion efficacy, Selenium sufficiency, and Iodine sufficiency.See full description
Less than 0.05% of Total Thyroxine (T4) is free or unbound. The hormone is made in the thyroid gland and is the precursor to T3. Production of T4 is dependent on levels of iodine, co factors like B6, Biopterin, Copper, Zinc, Vitamins B2, B3 and A. Considered by mainstream when combined with TSH to be the gold standard for assessing thyroid function., Levels are assessed to identify thyroid status (hypo and hyper), Iodine sufficiency as well as protein status and liver function.See full description
An amino acid produced through methionine metabolism. This methylation process involves Vitamins B6, B12 and folate as well as zinc and co-factors including magnesium and tri methyl glycine all required in the recycling of methionine to homocysteine and back again. Levels may indicate needs in these nutrients, oxidative stress or metabolic syndrome, risks of Alzheimer’s, CVD risks. Depression, dementia, Parkinson’s, oxidative stress, poor detoxification, IBD.See full description
A fasting insulin test identifies the level of insulin after an 8 to 12 hour fast. Insulin is a pancreatic hormone released to manage the process of glucose being transported into the cells for energy production purposes. Levels are associated with Insulin resistance, Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome, inflammation, Obesity, lipid management and risks of CVD.See full description
Luteinizing hormone - is one of the main hormones that plays a major role in controlling the reproductive system in both men and women. In men, LH signals the testes to produce testosterone, which in turn, stimulates sperm production. In women, LH performs different roles at different stages of the menstrual cycle. Initially to produce the female sex hormone estradiol. Latterly LH stimulates the production of progesterone, which is required to support the early stages of pregnancy, if fertilization occurs. Used in the assessment of amenorrhea, irregular menstrual periods infertility, lack of ovulation, and identify polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).See full description
Released from the parathyroid glands, this hormone works with the hormone ‘calcitonin’, to help control calcium and phosphorus levels in the blood, and lower calcium levels when they get too high. It plays a crucial role in the breakdown and formation of bone.See full description
Progesterone is a steroid hormone released in the ovary. In women, it plays important roles in regulating the menstrual cycle and reproduction, by helping to prepare the body for pregnancy, and maintain the early stages of pregnancy. In men, progesterone is involved in the development of sperm, and is produced at a much lower level than in women. It can help diagnose a failing pregnancy, determine the cause of infertility, or diagnose the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding, as well as adrenal diseases such as congenital adrenal hyperplasia.See full description
See Folate. Red cell folate is considered to be a measure for intracellular sufficiency.See full description
A more accurate measure of magnesium can be obtained via red blood cells which contain 2 – 3x more Mg than serum. Mg is a mineral necessary for energy production, muscle contraction, nerve function, maintenance of strong bones, carbohydrate and protein metabolism, and over 300 enzymatic processes in the body. It is obtained through diet and is absorbed in the small intestine and colon. Levels may indicate deficiency due to malabsorption or gastrointestinal disorders.See full description
An essential micronutrient. As soils become depleted dietary intake has fallen, and the need to assess increases. Essential for thyroid T4 to T3 conversion, protects LDL from oxidation. Levels used to assess immune function, inflammation, heart disease risk and reproduction capacity esp. male fertility, Protective effect against some cancers.See full description
This protein is produced by the liver, controlled by sex hormones, thyroid hormones, insulin, and dietary factors and binds to sex hormones - testosterone, DHT (dihydrotestosterone), and oestrogen (estradiol). It helps transport them in the blood. SHBG levels, which change with age, vary between men and women, and can help control the levels of androgens and oestrogens in the body. It can help to determine testosterone levels in the blood, since around 40-60% of total testosterone is bound to SHBG in men.See full description
Represents the total of free and bound T3 in the blood, represents approximately 90% of T3. A small percentage is made directly in the thyroid gland and rest predominantly made in the liver and kidney by the conversion of T4 to T3. Levels are used to determine T4 conversion syndrome, Euthyroid sick syndrome, Selenium and Iodine sufficiency and Hyperthyroidism.See full description
Major thyroid hormone secreted by the thyroid gland and subject to appropriate levels of Biopterin, Vitamins B6, B2, A, B3 and C as well as sufficient Copper and Zinc. Total T4 represents over 99.5% of the total thyroid hormone available. Levels can help determine, thyroid status (hypo or hyper), Iodine sufficiency,See full description
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone is secreted from the anterior pituitary gland and levels are based on a negative feedback loop to signal to the thyroid gland whether to release more Thyroxine or stop releasing. Conventionally along with free T4 the combination is considered the gold standard for assessing thyroid status. Levels are also affected by heavy metal burdens including Aluminium.See full description
A measure of the level of 25 (OH) D in the blood. Vitamin D is essential for bone health, brain health and immune function. Levels may indicate a deficiency due to inadequate exposure to sunlight, genetics, insufficient dietary intake, or toxicity due to excessive supplementation; and can be associated with risks of Cancer, Hypertension, chronic pain and inflammation, Diabetes and Depression.See full description
You will need a main test first
LDH is made up of a number of enzymes that are contained in different body tissues. This test identifies the levels of the different LDH enzymes so tat the site of damage, dysfunction and imbalance can be identified.
Investigation for identifying autoimmune disease on the TSH receptors usually prevalent in Grave's disease (90%).
IGF-1 used to establish Growth Hormone deficiency or excess dues to it stability during the day unlike GH.
An Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibodies investigation can indicate a current, recent, or past EBV infection. Including: IgG, IgM and Anti Nuclear Antigen (ANA)
An Helicobacter Pylori Antibodies investigation can indicate recent past or longer term past H. Pylori infection
Anti Mullerian Hormone investigation useful for understanding ovarian reserve and can be used in assessment of PCOS.
Serum measured unbound testosterone.
Affects levels of insulin carbohydrate fat and protein levels. Used in supplemental form to assist CH2O metabolism. Note Cr exists in 2 forms Cr (VI) which is toxic and enters the red blood cells and Cr (III). Plasma test measures total Cr and to ID Cr (VI) it will be necessary to measure RBC Cr levels
Protein hormone produced in the bone cells (osteoblasts). Binds calcium and is involved in bone regeneration and formation. Once released into the blood can act like a hormone and has direct effects i.e. it affects the beta cells of the pancreas and in turn can increase insulin production
Alkaline phosphatase, is made of isoenzymes, each one relating to the tissues they are found including liver, bone, intestine, and placenta.
Reticulocytes are newly formed and immature red blood cells that are produced in the bone marrow. They are reported as a percentage of total Red Blood Cells and can be used as an indicator or an individual's ability to produce RBCs. Levels are used to assess the bone marrow’s response to anaemia. and the effects of supplementation in the case of B12, B6 and Folate anaemias.
C3 is Important for the body’s immune function and response to inflammation. The main function is to destroy bacteria and viruses. C4 is Important for the body’s immune function and response to inflammation originating from the HLA system
Glucose 6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase. An enzyme that catalyses the energy (glucose to pyruvate) producing pathway that supplies reducing energy by maintaining the level of NADPH by reducing NADP to NADPH and compound essential in the biosynthesis of fatty acids
Examines the levels of specific blood proteins the Globulins. These are divided into Albumin as well as Alpha 1, Alpha 2, Beta, and Gamma globulins
Type 1 diabetes investigation or latent autoimmune adult diabetes. GAD enzyme is required for the healthy function of the pancreas. The presence of Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase Autoantibodies indicates Type 1 diabetes. Can be used to assess if gestational diabetes is type 1. Also can indicate neurological disorders. Consider in relation to gluten sensitivity and coeliac disease
Measures the amount of lipoprotein associated phospholipase in the blood. Primarily associated with LDL which carried the Lp-PLA2 to the coronary artery walls activating an immune response making plaque. Levels are associated with increased risk of heart attack and stroke and is an excellent coronary marker
Considered to be the metabolic brake to counteract the effects of the metabolic accelerator that is T3. Levels are used to identify possible diabetes, effects of fasting, heavy metals, inflammatory, pathogen effects, inflammatory cytokines like IL6 and TN-Alpha, also an indicator of stress.
Measurement of IgG, IgM, IgE Immunoglobulins in investigations of the immune system
Known as ‘the stress hormone’ this steroid hormone plays an essential role in helping the body respond to stress, and regulates a wide range of body processes, including metabolism and immune response.
A more accurate measure of magnesium can be obtained via red blood cells which contain 2 – 3x more Mg than serum. Mg is a mineral necessary for energy production, muscle contraction, nerve function etc.
Also known as DAO. Used in the assessment of histamine intolerance which can be caused by the deficiency of DAO or an imbalance between histamine and DAO.
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is a male sex hormone (androgen). Androgens are endogenous steroid hormones consisting of DHEA, Androstenedione, Testosterone and DHT. DHT is the most potent hormone amongst the androgens because it is not converted to estrogen, it is considered to be a pure androgen. It is created from testosterone via the action of the enzyme 5 alpha-reductase and is produced in the prostate gland, adrenal glands, liver, brain, and hair follicles. Its action is related to the tissue in which it is produced. It is a more potent hormone than testosterone (approx. 1% circulated feely as unbound), it has a slow dissociation (approx. 5x less than testosterone) and long half-life (2x affinity to the androgen receptors). During development and adult life in men, it promotes prostate growth, activity of the sebaceous glands, male pattern baldness and the development of characteristics that are typically associated with men (body hair, muscle growth, and a deep voice). In women DHT levels are associated with issues including hirsutism, amenorrhea, and increased acne.
Made in the liver comprising of both LDL and Apolipoprotein A. levels, is used to assess, and associated with hypothyroidism, low sex hormone, inflammation and tissue damage, autoimmunity PCOS and kidney and heart disease.
Cancer Markers: CA19-9, CA125, CA15-3
Zinc is not stored in the body and dietary intake is essential. Zinc is involved in over 300 enzyme functions. Including the metabolism and function of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. As well involved in immune function, skin health and healing and senses of taste and smell amongst many. Levels are used to assess zinc status at a red blood cell level, hydrochloric acid production, male fertility, inflammation, copper status amongst many.
Fasting blood draw required in the morning.
Can using HRT impact the results?
The hormone markers will be influenced by HRT medications. However, the test can be used to identify dysfunctions that can impact on ageing aside of sex hormone levels.